Grounding Research


The exploration of grounding (also known as earthing) and its impact on human health began in the 1990s with pioneering research by Drs. Karol and Pawel Sokal in Poland and Clint Ober in the United States. Since then, a growing body of scientific evidence has demonstrated significant benefits of grounding, including improvements in sleep quality, reduction in pain and inflammation, and enhanced recovery from physical exertion. This page highlights key studies and review articles that provide a comprehensive understanding of the health benefits of grounding.


  1. Grounding the Body Improves Sleep Quality in Patients with Mild Alzheimer’s Disease: A Pilot Study 2022
  2. How Localized Grounding, Combined with Conductive Skincare, Improves the Outcomes of the Traditional Skincare? 2021
  3. A double-blind randomized trial to assess the efficacy of Jing Advanced Clinical Massage and Grounding as interventions in the treatment of chronic low back pain 2021
  4. The Effects of Grounding on Meditation Quality: A Preliminary Study Report 2019 (abstract)
  5. Effectiveness of Grounded Sleeping on Recovery after Intensive Eccentric Muscle Loading 2019
  6. The Effects of Grounding (Grounding) on Bodyworkers’ Pain and Overall Quality of Life: A randomized Controlled Trial 2019
  7. Grounding Patients With Hypertension Improves Blood Pressure: A Case History Series Study 2018
  8. Effects of Grounding (Grounding) on Massage Therapists 2018
  9. Classification of EEG Signal for Body Grounding Application 2018
  10. Electrical Grounding Improves Vagal Tone in Preterm Infants 2017
  11. Effects of Grounding on Body Voltage and Current in the Presence of Electromagnetic Fields 2016
  12. Health Effects of Alkaline Diet and Water, Reduction of Digestive-tract Bacterial Load, and Grounding 2016
  13. Grounding After Moderate Eccentric Contractions Reduces Muscle Damage 2015
  14. One-Hour Contact with the Earth’s Surface (Grounding) Improves Inflammation and Blood Flow—A Randomized, Double-Blind, Pilot Study 2015
  15. The Effect of Grounding the Human Body on Mood 2015
  16. Grounding the Human Body during Yoga Exercise with a Grounded Yoga Mat Reduces Blood Viscosity 2015
  17. An Experimental Study on Immediate Effect of Direct Barefoot Contact with Earth on Prehypertension 2015
  18. Grounding the Human Body Improves Facial Blood Flow Regulation 2014
  19. Differences in Blood Urea and Creatinine Concentrations in Earthed and Unearthed Subjects during Cycling Exercise and Recovery 2013
  20. Grounding (Grounding) the Human Body Reduces Blood Viscosity—a Major Factor in Cardiovascular Disease 2013
  21. Grounding the Human Organism Influences Bioelectrical Processes 2012
  22. Emotional Stress, Heart Rate Variability, Grounding, and Improved Autonomic Tone: Clinical Applications 2011
  23. Grounding the Human Body Influences Physiologic Processes 2011
  24. Pilot Study on the Effect of Grounding on Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness 2010
  25. Grounding effects in Lewis Rats 2010
  26. Changes in Pulse Rate, Respiratory Rate, Blood Oxygenation, Perfusion Index, Skin Conductance, and Their Variability Induced During and After Grounding Human Subjects for 40 Minutes 2010
  27. The Effect Of Grounding On Human Physiology, Part 2 2007
  28. The Effect Of Grounding On Human Physiology, Part 1 2006
  29. The Effectiveness of a Conductive Patch and a Conductive Bed Pad in Reducing Induced Human Body Voltage Via the Application of Earth Ground 2005
  30. The Biologic Effects of Grounding the Human Body During Sleep as Measured by Cortisol Levels and Subjective Reporting of Sleep, Pain, and Stress 2004
  31. Thermography Case Histories 2004-2005

Grounding involves direct contact with the Earth's surface, allowing electrons to transfer from the ground into the body. Research suggests this process may neutralize free radicals, reducing inflammation and promoting overall well-being. Below are some notable studies:


Experts in the field have provided insights and personal observations on the impact of grounding:

  1. Rx Earth – The Original Painkiller! James Oschman, Ph.D., Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D., Stephen T. Sinatra, M.D.
  2. Essential for Women – Your Body, Your Health: Grounding Your Rhythms James Oschman, Ph.D., Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D.
  3. The Earth’s Electrical Surface Potential: A Summary of Present Understanding: Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D.
  4. Can Electrons Act as Antioxidants? A Review and Commentary: James Oschman, Ph.D.
  5. Charge Transfer in the Living Matrix: James Oschman, Ph.D.
  6. Perspective: Assume a Spherical Cow: The role of Free or Mobile Electrons in Bodywork, Energetic and Movement Therapies: James Oschman, Ph.D.
  7. Matteo Tavera: A French Naturalist’s Vision of the Importance of “Natural Electricity” to Life
  8. Grounding Poster 2018 Congress on Integrative Medicine
  9. Adolf Just (1859-1936)

Review Articles

Several review articles consolidate the findings of multiple studies, offering a broader perspective on grounding's health benefits:

  1. Integrative and Lifestyle Medicine Strategies Should Include Grounding (Grounding): Review of Research Evidence and Clinical Observations 2020
  2. Electric Nutrition: The Surprising Health and Healing Benefits of Biological Grounding (Grounding)
  3. Prevention and Treatment of Influenza, Influenza-Like Illness, and Common Clod by Herbal, Complementary, and Natural Therapies 2017
  4. The Effects of Grounding (Grounding) on Inflammation, Immune Response, Wound Healing, and Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Inflammatory and Autoimmune Diseases 2015
  5. Biophysics of Grounding (grounding) the Human Body, in Bioelectromagnetic and Subtle Energy Medicine (CRC Press), 2015
  6. Health Implications of Reconnecting the Human Body to the Earth’s Surface Electrons 2012
  7. The Neuromodulative Role of Grounding 2011


Grounding represents a promising and natural method for improving health and well-being. The studies and articles highlighted here provide a solid foundation for understanding the benefits and mechanisms of grounding. As research continues to evolve, grounding may become an integral part of health and wellness practices.

  1. Beware of Earthing Misinformation, Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D.
  2. Earthing and Ground Currents
  3. Grounding Does Not Turn You Into an Antenna for EMFs